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#!/usr/bin/python -tt
#
# liveimage-mount: Mount a LiveOS at the specified point, and log
# into a shell.
#
# Copyright 2011, Red Hat  Inc.
#   Code for Live mounting an attached LiveOS device added by Frederick Grose,
#   <fgrose at sugarlabs.org>
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU Library General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

import os
import sys
import stat
import getopt
import tempfile
import subprocess

from imgcreate.errors import *

def usage(ecode):
    print """Usage:
        liveimage-mount [opts] ISO.iso|LiveOSdevice MOUNTPOINT [COMMAND] [ARGS]

                  where [opts] = [-h|--help
                                 [--chroot
                                 [--mount-hacks
                                 [--persist]]]]]

                    and [ARGS] = [arg1[ arg2[ ...]]]\n"""
    sys.exit(ecode)


def call(*popenargs, **kwargs):
    '''
        Calls subprocess.Popen() with the provided arguments.  All stdout and
        stderr output is sent to print.  The return value is the exit
        code of the command.
    '''
    p = subprocess.Popen(*popenargs, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
                         stderr=subprocess.STDOUT, **kwargs)
    rc = p.wait()

    # Log output using logging module
    while True:
        # FIXME choose a more appropriate buffer size
        buf = p.stdout.read(4096)
        if not buf:
            break
        print buf

    return rc


def rcall(args, env=None):
    if env:
        environ = os.environ.copy()
        environ.update(env)
    else:
        environ = None
    try:
        p = subprocess.Popen(args, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
                             stderr=subprocess.PIPE, env=environ)
        out, err = p.communicate()
    except OSError, e:
        raise CreatorError(u"Failed to execute:\n'%s'\n'%s'" % (args, e))
    except:
        raise CreatorError(u"""Failed to execute:\n'%s'
            \renviron: '%s'\nstdout: '%s'\nstderr: '%s'\nreturncode: '%s'""" %
            (args, environ, out, err, p.returncode))
    else:
        if p.returncode != 0:
            raise CreatorError(u"""Error in call:\n'%s'\nenviron: '%s'
                \rstdout: '%s'\nstderr: '%s'\nreturncode: '%s'""" %
                (args, environ, out, err, p.returncode))
        return out


def get_device_mountpoint(path):
    """Return the device and mountpoint for a file or device path."""

    info = list()
    info[0:5] = [None] * 6
    if os.path.exists(path):
        st_mode = os.stat(path).st_mode
        if stat.S_ISBLK(st_mode) or os.path.ismount(path):
            devinfo = rcall(['/bin/df', path]).splitlines()
            info = devinfo[1].split(None)
            if len(info) == 1:
                info.extend(devinfo[2].split(None))
    return [info[0], info[5]]


def main():
    if os.geteuid() != 0:
        print >> sys.stderr, """\n  Exiting...
        \r  You must run liveimage-mount with root priviledges.\n"""
        return 1

    try:
        opts,args = getopt.getopt(sys.argv[1:], 'h', ['help',
                                                       'chroot', 'persist',
                                                       'mount-hacks'])
    except getopt.GetoptError, e:
        usage(1)

    img_type = None
    chroot = False
    persist = False
    mount_hacks = False
    for o,a in opts:
        if o in ('-h', '--help'):
            usage(0)
        elif o in ('--chroot', ):
            chroot = True
        elif o in ('--mount-hacks', ):
            mount_hacks = True
        elif o in ('--persist', ):
            """Option used to run a command in a spawned process."""
            persist = True

    if len(args) < 2:
        usage(1)

    liveos = args[0]
    destmnt = args[1]

    if not os.path.exists(liveos):
        print """\n     Exiting...
        %s is not a file, directory, or device.\n""" % liveos
        ecode = 1
        return

    if stat.S_ISBLK(os.stat(liveos).st_mode):
        img_type = 'blk'
        imgloop = None
        overlayloop = None
    else:
        img_type = 'iso'

    if img_type is 'blk':
        liveosmnt = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='livemnt-device-')
    if img_type is 'iso':
        liveosmnt = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='livemnt-iso-')

    liveosdir = os.path.join(liveosmnt, 'LiveOS')
    homemnt = None
    dm_cow = None
    mntlive = None

    command = args[2:]
    verbose = not command

    squashmnt = tempfile.mkdtemp(prefix='livemnt-squash-')
    squashloop = None
    imgloop = None
    losetup_args = ['/sbin/losetup', '-f', '--show']

    try:
        if img_type is 'blk':
            call(['/bin/mount', liveos, liveosmnt])
        elif img_type is 'iso':
            liveosloop = rcall(losetup_args + [liveos]).rstrip()
            call(['/bin/mount', '-o', 'ro', liveosloop, liveosmnt])

        squash_img = os.path.join(liveosdir, 'squashfs.img')
        if not os.path.exists(squash_img):
            ext3_img = os.path.join(liveosdir, 'ext3fs.img')
            if not os.path.exists(ext3_img):
                print """
                \r\tNo LiveOS was found on %s\n\t  Exiting...\n""" % liveos
                ecode = 1
                return
        else:
            squashloop = rcall(losetup_args + [squash_img]).rstrip()
            call(['/bin/mount', '-o', 'ro', squashloop, squashmnt])
            ext3_img = os.path.join(squashmnt, 'LiveOS', 'ext3fs.img')

        if img_type is 'blk':
            imgloop = rcall(losetup_args + [ext3_img]).rstrip()
            imgsize = rcall(['/sbin/blockdev', '--getsz', imgloop]).rstrip()
            files = os.listdir(liveosdir)
            overlay = None
            for f in files:
                if f.find('overlay-') == 0:
                    overlay = f
                    break
            overlayloop = rcall(['/sbin/losetup', '-f']).rstrip()
            if overlay:
                call(['/sbin/losetup', overlayloop, os.path.join(liveosdir,
                                                                 overlay)])
                dm_cow = 'live-rw'
            else:
                overlay = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(dir='/dev/shm')
                print "\npreparing temporary overlay..."
                call(['/bin/dd', 'if=/dev/null', 'of=%s' % overlay.name,
                      'bs=1024', 'count=1', 'seek=%s' % (512 * 1024)])
                call(['/sbin/losetup', overlayloop, overlay.name])
                dm_cow = 'live-ro'
            call(['/sbin/dmsetup', '--noudevrules', '--noudevsync',
                 'create', dm_cow, '--table=0 %s snapshot %s %s p 8' %
                 (imgsize, imgloop, overlayloop)])
            call(['/bin/mount', os.path.join('/dev/mapper', dm_cow), destmnt])
            home_path = os.path.join(liveosdir, 'home.img')
            if os.path.exists(home_path):
                homemnt = os.path.join(destmnt, 'home')
                homeloop = rcall(losetup_args + [home_path]).rstrip()
                call(['/bin/mount', homeloop, homemnt])
            mntlive = os.path.join(destmnt, 'mnt', 'live')
            if not os.path.exists(mntlive):
                os.makedirs(mntlive)
            call(['/bin/mount', '--bind', liveosmnt, mntlive])
        elif img_type is 'iso':
            imgloop = rcall(losetup_args + [ext3_img]).rstrip()
            call(['/bin/mount', '-o', 'ro', imgloop, destmnt])

        if mount_hacks:
            subprocess.check_call(['mount', '-t', 'proc', 'proc', os.path.join(destmnt, 'proc')], stderr=sys.stderr)
            subprocess.check_call(['mount', '-t', 'tmpfs', 'tmpfs', os.path.join(destmnt, 'var', 'run')], stderr=sys.stderr)

        if len(command) > 0 and persist:
            args = []
            args.extend(command)
            live = ''
            if img_type is 'blk':
                live = 'live-'
            print """Starting process with this command line:
            \r%s\n  %s is %smounted.""" % (' '.join(command), liveos, live)
            p = subprocess.Popen(args, close_fds=True)
            print "Process id: %s" % p.pid
            ecode = p.returncode
        elif len(command) > 0:
            args = ['chroot', destmnt]
            args.extend(command)
            ecode = subprocess.call(args, stdin=sys.stdin, stdout=sys.stdout, stderr=sys.stderr)
        elif chroot:
            print "Starting subshell in chroot, press Ctrl-D to exit..."
            ecode = subprocess.call(['chroot', destmnt], stdin=sys.stdin, stdout=sys.stdout, stderr=sys.stderr)
        else:
            if dm_cow == 'live-ro':
                status = ' with NO LiveOS persistence,'
            else:
                status = ''
            print "Entering subshell,%s press Ctrl-D to exit..." % status
            ecode = subprocess.call([os.environ['SHELL']], cwd=destmnt, stdin=sys.stdin, stdout=sys.stdout, stderr=sys.stderr)
    finally:
        call(['/bin/sync'])
        if not persist:
            if verbose:
                print """Cleaning up...
                Please wait if large files were written."""
            if mount_hacks:
                subprocess.call(['umount', os.path.join(destmnt, 'var', 'run')])
                subprocess.call(['umount', os.path.join(destmnt, 'proc')])
            if homemnt:
                call(['/bin/umount', homemnt])
                call(['/sbin/losetup', '-d', homeloop])
            if img_type is 'blk':
                if mntlive:
                    call(['/bin/umount', mntlive])
                    os.rmdir(mntlive)
            if os.path.ismount(destmnt):
                call(['/bin/umount', destmnt])
            if img_type is 'blk':
                if dm_cow:
                    call(['/sbin/dmsetup', '--noudevrules', '--noudevsync',
                          'remove', dm_cow])
                if overlayloop:
                    call(['/sbin/losetup', '-d', overlayloop])
            if imgloop:
                call(['/sbin/losetup', '-d', imgloop])
            if squashloop:
                call(['/bin/umount', squashloop])
                call(['/sbin/losetup', '-d', squashloop])
            call(['/bin/umount', liveosmnt])
            if not img_type is 'blk':
                call(['/sbin/losetup', '-d', liveosloop])
            os.rmdir(squashmnt)
            if not os.path.ismount(liveosmnt):
                os.rmdir(liveosmnt)
            if verbose:
                print "Cleanup complete"

    sys.exit(ecode)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()